Do you suffer from itching and abnormal secretions in the vaginal area?

If so, It could be vaginitis. Which causes many disturbing symptoms that negatively affect the quality of your daily life.

Therefore, we dedicated this article to provide you with some important tips for prevention and effective ways to deal with it, So, stay with us.


It is a medical term that describes various disorders that affect the vaginal wall in women. It is usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. You may notice abnormal discharge, itching, and pain. It is often treated with antibiotics or antifungal medications.

It is a very common health problem. Most women experience it at least once in their lives. With the increase in health awareness and the increase in medical technology updates, It became possible to treat vaginitis easily and effectively.


What are the most common types of vaginitis?

There are several types of vaginal infections, including the following:

  1. Bacterial vaginosis

It is the most common type of vaginal infection in women of childbearing age (who have not yet gone through menopause), but it can occur at any age. It often occurs due to an overgrowth of the vaginal bacteria that are naturally present in the vagina, which upsets its balance.

If the vagina does not produce enough beneficial bacteria, Women can get inflammation.

  1. Candida infection

Also called a yeast infection. Most people think of it when they hear the term vaginitis. It is the second most common cause of vaginal infections and is caused by one of several types of fungi called Candida.

Candida lives on the skin and inside the body such as the mouth, throat, intestines, and vagina normally and does not cause any problems.

When the delicate balance in your system changes, then infection occurs. For example, You may be taking an antibiotic to treat a urinary tract infection. The antibiotic kills the “good” bacteria that normally keep the yeast in balance; As a result, yeast (fungi) overgrows and causes infection.

Other factors can cause an imbalance, such as pregnancy. changing hormone levels, Diabetes, which allows too much sugar to be present in the urine and vagina, and the use of hormonal contraceptives such as birth control pills. Also, some medications allow an overgrowth of candida, such as immunosuppressants or biological medications.

Candidiasis causes itching in the vagina and pain during intercourse. Some women can develop a severe infection that includes redness and swelling of the vaginal wall.

  1. Trichomoniasis

It is defined as an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called Protozoa. When it infects the vagina, it causes symptoms such as vaginal itching and pain when urinating if the bladder is infected.

The vaginal discharge is green or yellow and sometimes foamy or copious or both. And it has an unpleasant smell.

This type is sexually transmitted. It is the third most common type of vaginal infection.

  1. Viral Vaginitis

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the most common type of viral vaginitis and is called herpes infection. This infection is spread through sexual contact and often leads to painful sores. Herpes outbreaks are associated with stress and emotional distress.

There is also the human papilloma virus (HPV), and there are more than 100 types of the virus, some of which cause diseases such as genital warts or cervical cancer, and this infection is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse or through contact with infected skin.

  1. Atrophic Vaginitis

This type of vaginal infection is non-infectious and is caused by a decrease in hormones. And it occurs during the period before or after menopause, which occurs either naturally or surgically (removal of the ovaries), The vagina becomes dry, thinner, and more prone to inflammation and irritation.

  1. Non-infectious Vaginitis

An allergic reaction leading to vaginal irritation can occur without infection. This is due to exposure to feminine products such as vaginal sprays and scented soaps. Long-term use of over-the-counter topical products to help prevent odor and itching can cause vaginal infections.

  1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia bacteria infect both men and women. It is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI).

can cause harm to the female reproductive system, This makes it difficult to get pregnant and can also cause an ectopic pregnancy.

Symptoms of vaginitis

A woman’s vagina produces secretions that are usually clear or slightly cloudy. The vagina cleans itself in a way so that it doesn’t smell or itch.

The amount, shape, and texture of discharge can vary throughout your menstrual cycle. At one time it may be only a small amount of very thin and watery secretions, and at another time of the month it may be more and thicker, all of this is normal.

The symptoms of vaginitis depend on the type of inflammation you suffer from. For example:

  • In bacterial infection, the secretions are thin, gray, white, or green and have an unpleasant, fishy odor. May cause vaginal irritation in some people. Others may not experience any symptoms.
  • The discharge in a yeast infection is thick white that looks like cottage cheese and can be a watery vaginal discharge. It often has no smell.
  • You may not have symptoms in the case of trichomoniasis, and symptoms may appear gradually over time, such as secretions that are greenish-yellow in color and may smell foul.
  • Irritation in the vaginal area and a feeling of itching and burning.
  • Dysuria, pain or discomfort when urinating.
  • Swelling of the vagina and the area around it.
  • Feeling pain during intercourse.
  • Mild vaginal bleeding.

Since the symptoms vary according to the type and cause of vaginitis and its severity, Also, the symptoms may be similar to those of other conditions, such as a urinary tract infection or a fungal infection. Therefore, it is necessary to visit a doctor to accurately diagnose the condition.

Feeling pain

Other health problems caused by vaginitis

It is important to treat bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis; Because having either can increase the risk of HIV or another sexually transmitted disease.

if you are pregnant, Vaginitis can increase the risk of premature birth or having a baby with a lower than normal weight, as low birth weight can cause serious health problems for the baby.

What are the causes of vaginitis?

Infection is the most common cause of vaginal infections such as yeast infection, bacterial infection, Trichomoniasis, as we mentioned earlier types, less commonly due to gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, some parasites, and poor hygiene.

Vaginal infections can occur for several reasons, including:

  • Sexual contact, as the infection is transmitted from one infected person to another.
  • Hormonal changes that occur during menstruation or breastfeeding.
  • Allergies to chemicals, condoms, some soaps, perfumes, and lubricants topical medications, Feminine pads and tampons.
  • Not paying attention to the cleanliness of the vaginal area and not wiping it properly, Wiping is from back to front so that germs are not transferred from the anus to the vagina.
  • An imbalance between harmful and beneficial bacteria that normally reside in the vagina.

Factors that increase the chances of vaginal infections

There are factors that increase the risk of vaginal infections, and these factors include the following:

  1. Use of vaginal sprays and spermicides.
  2. Hormonal changes that occur in pregnancy or menopause.
  3. Medicines such as antibiotics.
  4. Wearing tight or wet underwear.
  5. Low estrogen levels during menopause.
  6. having diabetes, The immune system can be affected by these diseases and the body becomes less able to fight infection.
  7. Use of the IUD to prevent pregnancy.

So, dear, you should avoid these factors as much as possible and follow a healthy lifestyle to reduce the possibility of vaginal infections.

Is vaginitis contagious?

The STDs that cause vaginitis are contagious, such as: trichomoniasis, chlamydia and herpes, and papilloma virus. Infection can lead to inflammation and irritation of the vagina.

Bacterial vaginosis is not contagious.

Diagnosis of vaginitis

The health care provider will take a comprehensive medical history, It is conducted after steps to reach the correct diagnosis, including:

Physical examination

The doctor can examine the vagina and check for inflammation or other signs on the skin.

Examination of secretions

The doctor takes a sample of vaginal secretions and examines it under a microscope to determine the causative agent of the infection and to detect specific cells. The diagnosis can be made by checking the appearance of the vaginal fluid, The pH level, and repellent aromatic amines (the gas that causes bad smell).

Bacterial examination

The test is done if you have symptoms of bacterial vaginosis, including a gray or white vaginal discharge.

A bacterial vaginosis test is similar to a pelvic exam or Pap smear. You may feel some mild discomfort when the speculum is placed in the vagina.

An accurate diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis is important because it helps the doctor determine whether you have bacterial vaginosis or some other infection, such as chlamydia.

To ensure an accurate diagnosis, Your health care provider will usually ask you to:

  • Do not use vaginal rinse for 24 hours before the test.
  • Do not put anything that may irritate the vagina. such as vaginal sprays.
  • Not having sexual intercourse within the 24 hours preceding the examination.
  • Don’t put tampons in before a healthcare visit.
  • Do not come for examination during menstruation.

Treatment of vaginitis

The treatment required depends on the type of vaginitis you have. Some women try to treat the symptoms themselves rather than seeing a doctor. But examinations and lab tests are needed to find out the exact type of vaginitis. And consult a doctor to take the appropriate antibiotic for your condition.

  1. In case of bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is treated with an antibiotic such as:

  • Metronidazole by mouth or as a topical gel applied inside the vagina
  • Clindamycin is available as a cream to be applied inside the vagina.
  • Secnidazole (Solosec) is available as a single-dose oral granule of 2 g mixed in applesauce or yogurt.

The medicine will need a prescription. During treatment, you should not have sexual intercourse or use a condom.

  1. In the case of a yeast infection (vaginal yeast infection)

It is usually treated with medications such as:

  • Oral fluconazole.
  • Clotrimazole is available as an intravaginal cream and suppository.

Although vaginal yeast infection treatments can be bought without a prescription, However, you should see your healthcare provider to confirm the cause of your vaginal symptoms. The medications used will not treat other types of vaginal infections.

  1. Trichomoniasis and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs):

need immediate treatment, Oral antibiotics are given to women with trichomoniasis. and must complete a full course, It should also be emphasized that the treatment of spouses together, such as:

  • Metronidazole.
  • Replacement medication Tinidazole
  1. Treatments to reduce the symptoms of vaginal infections
  • Cortisone cream: To treat severe irritation.
  • Antihistamines: If the inflammation is caused by an allergic reaction.
  • Topical estrogen: If the inflammation is caused by low estrogen levels.

If you are pregnant, you should tell the doctor; Because vaginitis affects the fetus, some treatment options may not be appropriate.

Vaginal infections and their treatment at home

Here are some common home remedies that can be used to soothe the inflammation and itching of the vagina:

Baking soda

Baking soda baths treat yeast infections as well as some itchy skin conditions and have antifungal effects, according to a 2012 study. But it should not be used undiluted.


Garlic is a common home remedy that may help treat a bacterial vaginosis infection. It is preferable to include it in the diet or choose garlic supplement tablets. But it should not be inserted into the vagina to prevent harmful effects from burning the delicate skin and allergic reactions.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E may help relieve itching caused by atopic dermatitis or menopause. It is used orally and is also available in the form of cream suppositories for the sensitive area.


Cranberry has an effect in treating fungal and bacterial infections. It prevents the growth of bacteria by creating an acidic environment in the urinary tract which makes it almost impossible for bacteria to grow.

When consuming cranberries daily, it reduces the chances of infection with bacterial vaginosis. As it contains vitamin C, vitamin K, potassium, and antioxidants.



It is considered one of the beneficial bacteria and is found in the form of vaginal suppositories and helps to:

  • Reduce itching and redness.
  • Treatment of recurrent infections.
  • Maintaining the growth of beneficial bacteria and discouraging the growth of harmful bacteria in the vaginal area.

It is also found in some foods and drinks, such as:

  • Fermented milk products (yogurt and some types of cheese).
  • Kombucha tea.
  • Sauerkraut.
  • Miso soup.
  • Kimchi.
  • Algae.

Tea Tree Oil

It is an essential oil that has antimicrobial and antifungal properties. But you should consult your doctor first before using it.

Medicinal marigold (Calendula officinalis)

Some herbs may have powerful antibacterial properties. In one study, patients used a vaginal cream infused with an extract of calendula, a herb known as calendula or calendula, to prevent vaginal infections.

Honey and Yogurt

Vaginitis can be relieved by a mixture of honey and yogurt. Yogurt contains beneficial bacteria (Lactobacillus). Honey is also known for its antifungal properties and acts as a skin soother. Therefore, it is recommended to mix them together to relieve symptoms.

It is always preferable to consult a competent healthcare provider for guidance, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate treatment for any health problems.

Can vaginitis go away without treatment?

It’s not a good idea to wait for vaginitis to clear up unless you know the cause. For example:

Yeast infection: Mild infections go away on their own. But it does not disappear in all cases.

Bacterial vaginosis: Can disappear on its own, However, if you are experiencing symptoms, see your doctor. As some people may be more susceptible to bacterial vaginosis, Which is likely related to body chemistry and vaginal environment.

After treating the infection, it can come back again. So talk to your doctor about some lifestyle changes you can make or if you take medication to prevent bacterial vaginosis.

How can vaginal infections be prevented?

Prevention is better than cure, so follow the following tips to prevent vaginitis:

  • Paying attention to general hygiene by using an unscented lotion.
  • Wear non-tight cotton underwear and change it frequently.
  • Avoid using strong, pungent-smelling detergents to wash your underwear.
  • After using the toilet, dry the area from front to back, not the other way around.
  • Do not wash the vaginal area too frequently. This affects the normal bacteria that live in the vagina.

Complications of vaginitis

If left untreated, vaginitis can lead to several health complications, including:

  1. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): It is a complication caused by some sexually transmitted diseases. It can lead to serious health problems such as damage to the fallopian tubes and painful contractions.
  1. Increased risk of infection: Inflammation can lead to a deterioration in the functions of the vagina’s defensive barriers. Thus, the possibility of contracting HIV, which causes AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, increases.
  1. Risk of miscarriage and premature birth: If the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, it may increase the risk of preterm labor in pregnancies with low birth weight.

Do vaginal infections prevent pregnancy?

The effect of vaginal infections on delayed pregnancy appears clearly if the infection is bacterial. But if the yeast infection is fungal, it does not directly affect negatively.

Vaginal infections do not prevent pregnancy. But it may affect the ability to conceive indirectly, as follows:

  • Changing the bacterial environment in your intimate area and its effect on fertility.
  • It may be difficult to have intercourse between spouses; Because of suffering from pain and this creates missed opportunities.
  • Inflammation may reduce the amount of vaginal secretions necessary to facilitate the movement of the sperm to the egg.
  • An overactive immune system and inflammation in the vaginal area creates an environment that is not conducive to healthy sperm, as defensive white blood cells may kill sperm while attacking infection.
  • In more serious cases, the infection can cause scarring and blockage of the fallopian tubes. Which affects your ability to get pregnant. The inflammation can cause scarring and blockage of the fallopian tubes.

So the infection must be treated properly and in a timely manner to avoid any effect on fertility. If you have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year and it has not been successful so far, I advise you to consult your doctor if you have any of the above symptoms.

When should you go to the doctor?

You should see your doctor if:

  • You notice the above symptoms.
  • Bleeding or spotting that is not related to your period.
  • Presence of pelvic pain or fever.
  • You don’t notice any progress with treatment or your symptoms get worse.

Common questions about vaginitis

Can vaginal fungi move to another place in the body?

It cannot be transmitted to other parts of the body.

Can vaginal infections come back again?

Yes, it is possible to come back again.

Finally dear, We must realize that vaginitis is not a transient health problem, Rather, it deserves our full attention so that it does not lead to greater health problems in the long run.

There is nothing embarrassing about taking care of our sexual health. Therefore, you should take the advice of your specialist doctor if you suffer from any abnormal symptoms in the vaginal area, Your health matters to all of us and deserves care.






Also read:

Joint Pain in Women, Causes, Treatment and Prevention.

The right way to dye hair – hair dye colors for the 2023 season