In this article you will find:
The ovaries are small organs of the female reproductive system characterized by their oval shape, And they work to produce egg cells, And also on the secretion of progesterone and estrogen hormones that are crucial in the process of ovulation, pregnancy and the development of female sexual traits.
Although their size varies from woman to woman is normal, However, the ovaries may swell beyond normal size for several reasons, Although some of these reasons are harmless, Like inflation caused by the ovulation process, But other causes may require treatment, In this article, we will introduce you to the symptoms, causes and treatment of enlarged ovaries.
?First,, What are the symptoms
While enlarged ovaries are not always accompanied by obvious symptoms, But if you have this problem, you will often experience the following:
- Change your normal bowel movement.
- Increase your need to urinate
- Irregular periods
- Pressure or pain in the pelvis.
- Swelling in the pelvis or feeling a glut.
- Constant discomfort in the abdomen, Like bloating or nausea
- Thinning your head hair
- Increase hair growth throughout your body.
- Unexplained fatigue
- Increase or decrease in your weight
Sometimes the enlarged ovaries may reach such an extent that during the examination you or your doctor can feel them in the pelvis. But that condition is not common.
When you have symptoms that may indicate enlarged ovaries or another problem with them, Your doctor will likely ask you to undergo an ultrasound scan. This examination is based on the use of sound waves to show a picture of the aquarium organs. The doctor can perform the examination along the abdomen (by the abdominal wall), Or the probe (examination device) can enter the vagina (vaginally).
And what are the causes of this phenomenon?
There are a lot of possible causes of enlarged ovaries, Those reasons include:
Ovulation occurs when one of the ovaries produces an egg for vaccination, During ovulation, the ovaries can become excessively stimulating due to hormones, It can therefore swell for a temporary period.
The likelihood of enlarged ovaries during ovulation increases if you are taking fertility medications.
– Polycystic ovary syndrome:
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common condition, It results from the formation of small cysts on the ovaries as a result of hormonal imbalance.
If you have polycystic ovary syndrome, You can experience irregular periods, in your period. And it can be difficult for you to conceive, This is because the ovaries may not produce eggs regularly, PCOS can also cause you to gain weight or increase body hair growth.
– Ovarian sprain:
The term ovarian sprain refers to a condition in which the ovary turns partially or completely around the supporting tissue, This condition is considered a medical emergency.
Ovarian sprain prevents blood flow to the ovary, It may cause you severe nausea, pelvic pain and vomiting, It is a serious condition that requires you to undergo urgent surgery to correct roundness and restore blood flow.
– Ovarian edema:
This rare condition occurs when fluid accumulates in ovarian tissue, Ovarian edema often occurs in only one ovary.
Ovarian edema may result from partial sprains in the ovary, This sprain prevents blood flow and prevents lymph fluid from leaking, As a result, fluid accumulates and the ovary swells.
– Benign tumors or cysts:
The ovaries are prone to many types of benign or non-cancerous tumors or cysts, Which include immature cystic teratomas, ovarian fibroid tumor and cystic adenoma.
But don’t worry too much, Cysts are considered a common condition, They usually disappear without treatment.
– Ovary cancer:
Ovarian cancer occurs when cancer cells grow on the ovaries, وتُعتبر هذه الحالة شائعةً أكثر بعد بلوغك سنِّ اليأس.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer are nonspecific and include fatigue, bloating, and feeling pain in the pelvis.
The doctor takes into account the medical history of the disease, symptoms and ultrasound scans before being screened for ovarian cancer. A biopsy is required to be examined in order to diagnose the disease.
Is it possible to enlarge the ovaries during pregnancy?
Yes it happens, Your ovaries can appear enlarged during pregnancy due to a corpus luteum tumor, which is a benign tumor that forms on the ovary only during pregnancy.
Doctors are unsure why some women develop corpus luteum tumor and others do not. But they believe that higher hormonal rates during pregnancy may play a role.
Most cases of corpus luteum tumor do not cause symptoms, So the doctor usually detects the presence of one while performing a normal sound wave examination. Or when performing a caesarean section.
If you had a corpus luteum tumor during the first half of your pregnancy, You are more likely to experience more severe symptoms, You may need surgery to remove tumors.
Possible symptoms of corpus luteum tumor include difficulty urinating, And a rise in testosterone levels, And vilification, which is usually characterized by male manifestations, Like rough sound and increased body hair.
A corpus luteum tumor usually disappears after you give birth to your baby, So doctors avoid resorting to surgery as much as possible.
And after we know this disease well, you should know the treatment:
Treatment for enlarged ovaries depends on the underlying cause, For example:
Steps to control PCOS can include:
- Weight loss: Losing just 10 percent of your weight can relieve symptoms and make your menstrual cycle more regular.
- Taking hormonal pills: These pills can regulate your menstrual cycle.
- Taking antiandrogen drugs
- Taking metformin: A medication that helps you control insulin levels and excess androgen hormones.
Treatment for ovarian cancer may include surgery to remove the ovaries and surrounding tissues affected by the disease. Your doctor may also suggest that you undergo chemotherapy to kill cancer cells. Radiation treatments to reduce the size of tumors before they are removed.
Enlarged ovaries associated with your menstrual cycle do not require treatment unless it causes you to have bothersome symptoms.
There are many causes of enlarged ovaries, Most of them do not lead to long-term problems.
But you should see a doctor if you feel pain in the pelvis and a blow, Or if you notice changes in the normal routine of the intestines and bladder, There are many treatments that are able to relieve symptoms.